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英语6级单词高频词汇 第一天 选自(星火英语)

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发表于 2014-10-27 11:02:06 |显示全部楼层
adhere to stick firmly to sth  
例句:  If the surface is wet, the tape will not adhere to it.
cherish to love sb/sth very much and want to protect them or it  
例句:Thankfully, you were always there to help, and I will always cherish that.
ascribe
1.to believe or say that something was caused by a particular thing
2.to believe or say that something was originally written or said by a particular person
3.to believe that something belongs to or characterizes a person or group
例句:1、 We ascribe great importance to these policies. 2、It 's wrong to ascribe all that have happened simply to the war.
3、You should not ascribe your failure to bad luck.
coincide
v.        
1.to happen at or around the same time
2.to occupy the same place, or be exactly alike in position or form
3.to agree exactly
4.if ideas or opinions coincide, they agree with each other
5.(of events)happen at the same time;occupy the same period of time
6.(of ideas,etc.)be in harmony or agreement
例句:the new goal is not always coincide with recent policy. 2、The interests of employers and employees do not always coincide.
overwhelm
v.        
1.to affect somebody's emotions in a complete or irresistible way
2.to supply somebody with a very large or excessive amount of something
3.to use superior strength, force, or numbers to defeat somebody completely
4.to flow over the top of and submerge or cover somebody or something
5.to exist in such great amounts that someone or something cannot deal with them
6.to defeat an opponent in a sport or game, especially by a lot of points, goals etc
7.defeat or make powerless;destroy
8.submerge;cover completely
9.overcome completely;weigh down
例句:Their mission was to seize the bridge and overwhelm the garrison .
overwhelming
adj.        
1.extremely large in amount or proportion
2.having such a great effect as to be emotionally overpowering
3.overpowering in strength, force, or numbers
4.much larger, stronger, more important etc than anything else in a situation
5.an overwhelming emotion is very strong, often so strong that you cannot think or behave normally
例句:Suddenly she had an overwhelming urge to be with her son.
pursuit
n.        
1.the act of chasing after somebody or something in order to catch, attack, or overtake that person or thing
2.a pastime, hobby, or leisure activity
3.the effort made to try to achieve or obtain something over a period of time
4.a cycle race in which the riders start from points on opposite sides of a circular track and race to overtake each other rather than to reach a set finishing line first
5.the process of trying to achieve something
6.the process of chasing someone or something in order to catch them
7.an activity that you enjoy
8.the process of continuing with an activity
例句:Social justice has always been a human pursuit of social goals.
comply
v.        
1.to obey or conform to something such as a rule, law, regulation, or wish
例句:1、copyright lawyers suggested that the court was unlikely to comply with such a demand. 2、As the order was from his own election-commission boss, he had to comply.
conspicuous
adj.        
1.easily or clearly visible
2.attracting attention through being unusual or remarkable
3.very noticeable or easy to see, especially because of being unusual or different
4.very greatused for emphasizing how good or bad something is
例句:The advertisements were all posted in a conspicuous place
endeavor
n.        
1.an earnest attempt to achieve something
2.an enterprise or directed activity
v.        
1.to make a serious and sincere effort to achieve something
2.to try very hard to do something
例句:1.He made an endeavor to save the drowning girl. 2.He made a desperate endeavor.
homogeneous
adj.        
1.having the same kind of constituent elements, or being similar in nature
2.having a uniform composition or structure
3.consisting of things that are very similar or all of the same type
例句:So, if you look at it that way, we are a pretty homogeneous group.
immerse
v.        
1.to put something into a liquid so that it is entirely below the surface
2.to become completely occupied with something, giving all your time, energy, or concentration to it
3.to baptize somebody by lowering the person's head and upper body, or sometimes the whole body, into water
4.to put something or someone in a liquid, especially so that they are covered completely
例句:He can immerse his head in the water without breathing more than one minute.
indulge
v.        
1.to allow yourself or somebody else to experience something enjoyable
2.to permit yourself to drink alcohol, especially to excess
3.to allow a debtor time to pay a bill
4.to become involved in something that people do not approve of
5.gratify;give way to and satisfy(desires etc.)overlook the fault of
例句:Network and do not indulge in the game, but the kind of game of his life.
persistent
adj.        
1.tenaciously or obstinately continuing despite problems or difficulties
2.existing or continuing for an unpleasantly long time
3.describes a plant part such as a scale on a pine cone that lasts beyond maturity without falling off
4.describes a body part such as a tooth that grows throughout life
5.describes a chemical or a living organism that remains in the environment for months or years, usually because of resistance to attack by oxygen, light, and microorganisms
6.continuing to do something in a determined way
7.continuing to exist, especially for longer than you would like
例句:She was persistent in her search for her lost puppy.
retrieve
v.        
1.to get something back
2.to save something from being lost, damaged, or destroyed
3.to set something right or make it better
4.to revive or restore something to its original condition
5.to recall something from memory
6.to read data from a storage device and return it to the program or device that requested it
7.in a game such as tennis or badminton, to return a difficult shot
8.to fetch small game that has been shot by a hunter
9.to find information that is stored in a computer in order to use it again
10.if a dog retrieves something, it finds it and brings it back to you, for example a ball that you have thrown or a bird that you have shot
n.        
1.the act of retrieving something
例句:Easy to retrieve the recorded voice clips using Nokia PC suite.
revive
v.        
1.to come back to life, consciousness, or full strength, or bring somebody back to life, consciousness, or full strength
2.to become active, accepted, or popular once more, or make something active, accepted, or popular once more
3.to cause something to be experienced again as a memory or feeling
4.to stage a new production of an old play or opera
5.to make someone become conscious or alive again
6.to become, or to make something become, active, successful, or popular again
7.to perform something such as a play that has not been performed recently
8.to make someone feel better, or to start feeling better
9.if you revive a plant, or if it revives, it starts to look fresh and healthy again
10.bring back to consciousness,strength,health or an earlier state
例句:The latest forecasts suggest that the economy will revive over the next two years.
suppress
v.        
1.to put an end to something, especially something perceived as a threat, by the use of force or a prohibition
2.to prevent something from happening, operating, or becoming apparent, or restrain something and limit its effects
3.to prevent information or evidence from becoming known, or written material from being published
4.to resist thoughts or feelings consciously as they arise, and try to banish them from the mind
5.to reduce unwanted noise or oscillation in a circuit or unwanted frequencies in a signal
6.to cause the reduction or cessation of a normal bodily function such as menstruation or growth, or undergo such a reduction or cessation
7.to cancel or reverse the effects of a gene
8.to stop opposition or protest using military force or strict laws
9.to stop a physical process from happening or developing
10.to stop yourself from feeling an emotion
例句:The dictator tried to suppress all criticism of him.
testify
v.        
1.to declare something that can be taken as evidence under oath in a court of law
2.to make a factual statement based on personal experience, or declare something to be true from personal experience
3.to be clear evidence of something
4.to talk to an audience or group of listeners about personal experience as a Christian
5.to make a statement about something that you saw, know, or experienced, usually in a court of law
6.to provide evidence that something exists or is true
7.serve as evidence of
例句:I'm willing to testify this choice with my life of happiness.
accustom
to make yourself or somebody else used to something through frequent or prolonged contact or use
例句:They had to accustom themselves to the hot weather.
ambiguous
adj.        
1.having more than one possible meaning or interpretation
2.causing uncertainty or confusion
3.not clear and therefore capable of being understood in more than one way
4.confusing or not definite, and therefore difficult to understand
例句:It was hoped that he would clarify the ambiguous remarks he made earlier.
ascend
v.        
1.to go upward, usually vertically or into the air
2.to climb up something such as a hill or stairway
3.to rise or lead to a higher level
4.to rise through the ranks to a higher status
5.to succeed to an important position, especially as a monarch
6.to climb a mountain, stairs etc
7.to get a more important job or position
8.go or come up
9.rise;move upward
10.go toward the source of
例句:This forced him to ascend directly to the surface.
billionaire
sb. who has money and property worth more than a billion dollars or other currency; sb. who is extremely wealthy.
例句:The billionaire families also taught me about keeping costs down in business.
brisk
adj.        
1.done quickly and energetically
2.speaking or behaving in an abrupt way
3.showing or experiencing much activity
4.refreshingly cool
5.moving or acting quickly
6.if it is brisk, the weather is fairly cold and a fairly strong wind is blowing
v.        
1.to become, or make something become, more active or lively
例句:Business is always brisk before Christmas.
certify
v.        
1.to declare somebody officially or legally to have a psychiatric disorder and require confinement in a mental health facility
2.to state or confirm that something is true or correct
3.to declare that somebody or something has passed a test or achieved an expected standard
4.to award a certificate to somebody or something
5.to indicate on a cheque that there are sufficient funds to guarantee payment
6.to state officially that something is true, accurate, or of a satisfactory standard
7.to give someone an official document stating that they have passed an examination or have achieved the qualifications necessary to work in a particular profession
8.to state officially that someone is seriously mentally ill
9.declare(usu. by giving a certificate)that one is certain of sth. that sth. is true,correct,in order
例句:I certify that this is a true copy.
conceive
v.        
1.to form an idea or concept of something in your mind
2.to think up something such as a plan or an invention that could be put into action
3.to produce something from the mind such as an emotion
4.to become pregnant with a child or with young
5.to understand something
6.to think of something such as a new idea, plan, or design
7.to imagine something or think of doing something
例句:I cannot conceive of such a thing as Genoa in ruins.
contemplate
v.        
1.to think about something as a possible course of action
2.to think about something seriously and at length, especially in order to understand it more fully
3.to think calmly and at length, especially as a religious or spiritual exercise
4.to look at something thoughtfully and steadily
5.to consider doing something in the future
6.to think very carefully about something for a long time
7.to look at something or someone for a long time
8.look at(with the eyes,or in the mind)
9.have in view as a purpose,intention or possibility
例句:It terrified me to contemplate the consequence of your action.
disable
v.        
1.to make somebody unable to perform the activities needed to earn a living or carry out the basic tasks of daily life without difficulty
2.to prevent a device or system from working by disconnecting a part of it
3.to make somebody ineligible in law to perform a specific transaction
4.to harm someone so that part of their body or brain no longer works normally
5.to stop a machine or piece of equipment from working properly
例句:This directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
eccentric
n.        
1.an unconventional person who has unusual habits
2.a mechanical device with an off-center axis of revolution that converts the rotary motion of one component of a mechanism to reciprocating motion in another
3.someone who behaves in an eccentric way
adj.        
1.unconventional, especially in a whimsical way
2.away from the center or axis
3.describes circles with different centers
4.describes an orbit that is elliptical rather than circular
5.someone who is eccentric often behaves in slightly strange or unusual ways
例句:She is so eccentric that she is regarded as a bit of curiosity.
essence
n.        
1.the quality or nature of something that identifies it or makes it what it is
2.the most important element or feature of something
3.the perfect or idealized form of something, especially when embodied in a person
4.a purified plant extract
5.a concentrated plant extract containing its unique flavor and fragrance
6.a spiritual entity
7.the most important part of something, usually the part that gives it its general character
8.a liquid that contains the strong taste or smell of the plant that it is taken from
例句:The essence of his argument was that education should continue throughout our lives.
extravagant
adj.        
1.characterized by excessive or wasteful spending
2.unreasonably high in price or cost
3.exaggerated or unreasonable
4.profusely or exaggeratedly decorated, decorative, or showy
5.existing or produced in quantity
6.spending or costing a lot of money, especially more than is reasonable
7.extreme, unusual, or unreasonable
例句:People laughed at the inventor 's extravagant praise of his invention.
flush
v.        
1.to force a person or animal out of hiding
2.to become red in the face or on the skin, or make somebody become red
3.to fit two things so that they are completely level and form an even surface
4.to clean a toilet by making water flow through the bowl, or undergo this process
5.to put something into the toilet and flush it
6.to clean or clear something by liberally pouring water or another liquid into, on, or through it
7.to glow with a reddish colour, or make something glow in this way
8.if someone flushes, their face becomes red because they are hot or sick, or are feeling angry, embarrassed, or excited
9.to make water pass through a toilet
10.(of a person,his face)become red because of a rush of blood to the skin
adj.        
1.completely level so as to form an even surface
2.directly next to or closely against something
3.having plenty of money temporarily
4.abundant or overflowing
5.having an even margin on a printed page, without any indentations
6.if two surfaces or edges are flush, they are exactly level with each other
7.with a lot more money than you usually have
n.        
1.a bird or birds frightened out of hiding
2.a sudden intense feeling
3.the beginning of an exciting or pleasurable period
4.a sudden increased number of things
5.a liberal flow of water, e.g. to clean something such as a toilet
6.a sudden surge of heat
7.a burst of new growth appearing rapidly on a plant
8.a reddish colour or glow in the face or on the skin
9.in poker and other games, a hand consisting of cards all in the same suit
10.an act of making water pass through something
adv.        
1.so as to be completely level and form an even surface without sticking out
2.directly or squarely
3.fitted so that two surfaces or edges are exactly level
例句:
funding
n.        
1.financial support
2.the process or fact of providing the money required for something
3.money that a government or organization provides for a specific purpose
例句:Japan was one of the hardest-hit countries during the global financial crisis.
granted
adv.        
1.used to acknowledge, often reluctantly, the truth of something
2.used when you are admitting that something is true
例句:I take it for granted that you will come and talk the matter over with him.
haunt
v.        
1.to cause somebody unease, worry, or regret by continual presence or recurrence in his or her life
2.to go often to a place
3.to frequent a place or appear to somebody in the form of a ghost or other supposed supernatural being
4.to make someone feel worried and upset for a long time
5.to continue to cause problems for a person or organization for a long time
6.if a place is haunted by the spirit of a dead person, some people believe that it appears there
7.frenquent the company of
8.return to the mind repeatedly
n.        
1.a place that somebody likes and often visits
2.a supposed supernatural being or a manifestation of one, especially one associated with a particular place
3.a place that someone visits often because they enjoy going there
例句:The theme of children was one that continued to haunt Jackson.
initiate
v.        
1.to cause something, especially an important event or process, to begin
2.to introduce somebody to a new activity, interest, or area
3.to allow somebody to take part in a ritual or ceremony in order to become a member of a group, organization, or religion
4.to make something start
5.to introduce someone to a skill, subject, or activity and teach them about it
6.to make someone a member of an organization or group, often with a special ceremony
7.set(a scheme,etc.)working
n.        
1.somebody who has been recently and ceremonially admitted to a group, organization, or religion
2.somebody recently introduced to a new activity, interest, or area
3.someone who has recently joined an organization or group and is learning about it
adj.        
1.belonging or relating to those who have been recently introduced to a new activity, interest, or area
2.knowing the secrets of a group, organization, or religion
例句:At this point we choose to initiate synchronization between the two replicas.
intrinsic
adj.        
1.belonging to something as one of the basic and essential features that make it what it is
2.by or in itself, rather than because of its associations or consequences
3.occurring wholly within or belonging wholly to a part of the body such as an organ
4.relating to the essential qualities or features of something or someone
例句:Although the intrinsic value of this award is small, I shall always cherish it.
intuition
n.        
1.the state of being aware of or knowing something without having to discover or perceive it, or the ability to do this
2.something known or believed instinctively, without actual evidence for it
3.immediate knowledge of something
4.an ability to know or understand something through your feelings, rather than by considering facts or evidence
例句:That's okay, my intuition is often wrong.
irritate
v.        
1.to cause somebody to feel annoyance or exasperation, or cause annoyance or exasperation
2.to stimulate a body part excessively, causing a painful reaction such as inflammation
3.to stimulate an organism in a way that provokes a response
4.to make someone feel annoyed or impatient
5.to hurt a part of your body, making it painful, red, or swollen
例句:he said it will irritate the wound.
manifest
n.        
1.a list giving details of a ship's cargo, its destination, and other particulars for customs purposes
2.a list of cargo or passengers on a plane or train
adj.        
1.clear to see or understand
2.obvious and easy to notice or understand
v.        
1.to make something evident by showing or demonstrating it very clearly
2.to appear or be revealed
3.to include something in a ship's cargo list
4.to show something such as a feeling or ability, so that it is easy to notice
5.show clearly;give signs of
6.(reflex)come to light;appear
例句:he said he didn't seem to manifest other symptoms of psychotic behavior.mingle
v.
1.to mix together gently or gradually, or mix things together gently or gradually
2.to circulate among a group of people such as guests at a party
3.if smells, feelings, flavours etc mingle or you mingle them, they become mixed together without completely losing their individual characters
4.to move around and talk to a lot of people, especially at a social event
例句:Coffee began to mingle with the floral scent.
obscure
adj.        
1.difficult to understand because of not being fully or clearly expressed
2.not able to be seen or heard distinctly
3.not important or well-known
4.unknown to most people, e.g. because of being hidden or remote
5.dark, shadowy, or clouded
6.describes a vowel that has a neutral, unstressed pronunciation
v.        
1.to make something unclear, indistinct, or hidden
2.to make something dark or cover something with cloud
3.to make something difficult to understand
4.to cover something so that it cannot be seen
例句:He did not obscure, they have to robbery, theft, " stop at no evil.
paradox
n.        
1.a statement, proposition, or situation that seems to be absurd or contradictory, but in fact is or may be true
2.a statement or proposition that contradicts itself
3.a person with seemingly self-contradictory qualities
4.a person, thing, or situation that is strange because they have features or qualities that do not normally exist together
5.a statement consisting of two parts that seem to mean the opposite of each other, or the use of this kind of statement in writing
例句:Man is really something of a paradox.
privacy
n.        
1.the state of being apart from other people and not seen, heard, or disturbed by them
2.freedom from the observation, intrusion, or attention of others
3.the state of being kept secret
4.the freedom to do things without other people watching you or knowing what you are doing
例句:One question is: how much privacy should public figures enjoy?
radiate
adj.        
1.used to describe the bodies of starfish and other vertebrate ocean organisms with body parts radiating from a common center
2.with, or in the form of, parts spreading out from a common centre
3.describes a flower head that has petals radiating from a centre, e.g. that of a daisy
4.surrounded or decorated with rays
v.        
1.to send out energy such as heat or light, in the form of rays or waves, or be sent out in this form
2.to show a feeling or quality clearly through looks, speech, behaviour, or content, or be shown in this way
3.to spread out from a central point like rays, or cause something to spread out in this way
4.to develop into several different forms capable of exploiting different resources or of living in different environments
5.to produce energy in the form of electromagnetic waves such as heat, light, or radio waves
6.if lines, paths, or roads radiate from a central point, they spread out from it
7.to show a particular feeling or attitude in your expression or behaviour
8.come or go out in rays;show
例句:Most light sources do not radiate equally in all directions.
refrain
n.        
1.a line or group of lines that recurs at regular intervals in a poem, especially at the ends of verses
2.the chorus in a song, or the music that accompanies it
3.a melody or tune
4.something that is frequently repeated, e.g. a saying or an idea
5.a group of lines in a poem or a song that are repeated regularly
v.        
1.to avoid doing something or hold yourself back from doing something
2.to stop yourself from doing somethingThis word is often used in official announcements or signs
例句:It's wrong to bear with him and refrain from principled argument.
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