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Lesson 125 126 Tea for two两个人一起喝茶

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发表于 2017-4-3 22:03:34 |显示全部楼层
Lesson 125   Tea for two两个人一起喝茶
Listen to the tape then answer this question.Does Susan have tea by herself?
  听录音,然后回答问题。苏珊是一个人喝茶吗?


  Susan:   Can’t you come in and have tea now, Peter?
  苏珊:彼得,你现在能进来喝茶吗?

  Peter:   Not yet, dear. I must water the garden first.
  彼得:还不能。我得先给花园浇水。

  Susan:   Do you have to water it now?
  苏珊:你一定得现在浇吗?

  Peter:   I’m afraid I must. Look at it!   It’s terribly dry.
  彼得:恐怕我得现在浇。你看看,干得厉害。

  Susan:   What a nuisance!
  苏珊:真讨厌!

  Peter:   Last summer it was very dry, too. Don’t you remember? I had to water it every day.
  彼得:去年夏天也是干得很。你记得了吗?我不得不每天浇水。

  Susan:   Well, I’ll have tea by myself.
  苏珊:好吧,我一个喝茶了。

  Susan:   That was quick! Have you finished already?
  苏珊:好快啊!你已经浇完了?

  Peter:   Yes, dear. Look out of the window.
  彼得:是的。你看看窗外。

  Susan:   Good heaven! It’s raining. That means you needn’t water the garden.
  苏珊:下雨了,这就是就是说,你不必给花园浇水了。

  Peter:   That was a pleasant surprise. It means I can have tea, instead.
  彼得:这是意想不到的好事。这意味着我反倒可以喝茶了。

New words and Expressions生词和短语
  water
  v. 浇水

  terribly
  adv. 非常

  dry
  adj. 干燥的,干的

  nuisance
  n. 讨厌的东西或人

  mean (meant, meant)
  v. 意味着,意思是

  surprise
  n. 惊奇,意外的事

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1  have to(过去式had to ),不得不,必须。
  have to强调客观需要多一些。must则着重说明主观看法。
  2  What a nuisance!真讨厌!
  3  by myself 我自己/独自。同样,我们可以说by yourself, by himself, by herself, by itself, by ourselves,by yourselves, by themselves, by oneself。

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发表于 2017-4-3 22:03:41 |显示全部楼层
Lesson 126   Have to and do not need to不得不和不必要

nce1-126.jpg


  New words and expressions生词和短语
  immediately
  adv.立即地
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发表于 2017-4-3 22:04:37 |显示全部楼层
Lesson 125-126   自学导读 First things first  课文详注  Further notes on the text
  1.Can't you come in and have tea now, Peter?彼得,你现在能进来喝茶吗?
  这是否定疑问句,表示邀请。请参见第77-78课_Terrible toothache语法部分。

  2.Don't you remember?你不记得了吗?
  这也是否定疑问句。

  3.don't need to= needn't。
  表示“不必”,是 must和 have to的一般现在时否定式。

  4. a pleasant surprise,意想不到的好事,令人惊喜的事。

  语法 Grammar in use
  must, have to和 needn't
  这3个词都表示必要性。在前面已对 must和 have to介绍过。
  must是情态助动词,而have to是普通动词,二者在肯定句中一般可以互换,表示不可逃避的义务或责任。must更带有说话人的主观色彩,而have to则更强调客观要求和外界影响。
  must一般只能表达现在的必要性,而have to则可以表达过去或将来的必要性。对比例句:
  Must you go now?
  你必须现在就走吗?
  Yes,I have to leave at once.
  是的,我不得不马上就走。
  Yes,1 must leave at once.
  是的,我必须马上就走。
  I shall have to leave London tomorrow.
  我明早得离开伦敦。
  I had to stop smoking because it was forbidden in my company.
  因为我所在的公司内禁止抽烟,所以我不得不停止了吸烟。

  如果我们用 must来提问,则只能用needn't来表达否定的回答。 needn't 还可以理解为have to的否定回答。needn't (don't need to)和 don't have to都表示不必要;而 mustn't却表示绝对禁止,在说话人看来根本没有选择余地。请看例句:
  Must she leave early?
  她必须早走吗?
  She needn’t leave early.
  她不必早走。
  Do you have to take a taxi?
  你必须乘出租汽车吗?
  I don’t have to/need to take a taxi.
  我不必乘出租车。
  You mustn't turn left.
  你不能左转弯。(表示绝对禁止)

  词汇学习  Word study
  1.mean  v.
  (1)意味着,即:
  It's raining! That means you don't need to water the garden.
  下雨了!这就是说,你不必给花园浇水了。
  (2)(词语)表示……意思:
  What does‘perfume’ mean  in English?
  “perfume”一词在英语中是什么意思?
  The green light means‘Go on.’
  绿灯的意思是“继续向前”。
  (3)意指;意欲:
  What I mean is that we'll have to go back and look for it.
  我的意思是:我们必须回去寻找它。
  He didn't mean to hurt you.
  他的本意并不是想伤害你。

  2.water  v.
  (1)浇(洒)水;供水;喂水:
  The garden is very dry, I'm going to water it tomorrow morning.
  花园里很干了,明早我准备给它浇些水。
  Tim is watering his lovely little dog.
  蒂姆正在给他那只可爱的小狗喂水。
  (2)充满水;充满泪水;流口水:
  He felt sad and his eyes watered  a little.
  他感到难过,眼睛有点儿湿润了。
  Ice cream always makes his mouth  water.
  冰淇淋总能让他馋得淌口水。
  (3)搀水冲淡;加水稀释:
  Someone had been watering the milk.
  有人往牛奶里搀了水。
  He always waters drinks and sells them to tourists.
  他总是在饮料里搀水并将之卖给游客们。
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