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Lesson 121 122 The man in a hat戴帽子的男士

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发表于 2017-4-3 21:56:28 |显示全部楼层
Lesson 121   The man in a hat戴帽子的男士
Listen to the tape then answer this question.Listen to the tape then answer this question. Why didn't Caroline recognize the customer straight away?
  听录音,然后回答问题。为什么卡罗琳没有马上认出那位顾客?


  Customer:    I bought two expensive dictionaries here half an hour ago, but I forgot to take them with me.
  顾 客:半小时以前我在这里买了两本很贵的辞典,但是我忘了拿走。

  Manager:   Who served you, sir?
  经 理:是谁接待您的,先生?

  Customer:   The lady who is standing behind the counter.
  顾 客:站在柜台后面的那位女士。

  Manager:   Which books did you buy?
  经 理:您买的是两本什么书?

  Customer:   The books which are on the counter.
  顾 客:就是柜台上的那两本。

  Manager:   Did you serve this gentleman half an hour ago, Caroline?He says he’s the man who bought these books.
  经 理:卡罗琳,半小时前你接待过这位先生吗?他说他就是买这两本书的人。

  Caroline:  I can’t remember, sir. The man whom I served was wearing a hat.
  卡罗琳:我记不起来了。我接待的那个人戴着一顶帽子。

  Manager:   Have you got a hat, sir?
  经 理:先生,您有帽子吗?

  Customer:   Yes, I have.
  顾 客:有的,我有帽子。

  Manager:   Would you put it on, please?
  经 理:请您把帽子戴上好吗?

  Customer:   All right.
  顾 客:好吧。

  Manager:   Is this the man that you served, Caroline?
  经 理:卡罗琳,这就是你接待过的那个人吗?

  Caroline:   Yes, sir. I recognize him now.
  卡罗琳:是他。我现在认出他来了。

New words and Expressions生词和短语
  customer
  n. 顾客

  forget (forgot, forgotten)
  v. 忘记

  manager
  n. 经理

  serve
  v. 照应,服务,接待

  counter
  n. 柜台

  recognize
  v. 认出

  Notes on the text课文注释
  1  to take them with me把它们带上。
  them指"两本词典"。
  2  The lady who is standing behind the counter
  这是一个省略句,完整的句子是“The lady who is standing behind the counter served me.”其中who is standing behind the counter是一个以关系代词who引导的定语从句,用来修饰前面的名词the lady。
  本课带有定语从句的复合句还有:The books which are on the counter; He says he's the man who bought these books: The man who I served was wearing a hat; Is this the man that you served等,其中which, who,whom, that均为关系代词。
  3  The man who I served was wearing a hat.
  这是另一个定语从句的例子。由于被修饰的名词the man在定语从句中是动词served的宾语,因此,关系代词应该用宾格whom,但在口语中往往用主格who。

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发表于 2017-4-3 21:56:34 |显示全部楼层
Lesson 122   Who (whom), which and that关系代词

nce1-122.jpg


  New words and expressions生词和短语
  road
  n.路
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发表于 2017-4-3 21:57:40 |显示全部楼层
Lesson 121-122   自学导读 First things first  课文详注  Further notes on the text
  1.…but I forgot to take them with me.    …但是我忘了拿走。
  forget to do sth.表示“忘了做某事”,them指两本字典。

  2.put it on,戴上它。
  这里的 it指 a hat,以避免重复。 put on是“戴上”、“穿上”的意思。如果它的宾语是一个名词,这个名词可放在 put on之后,也可放在put和on之间。如果是代词,就必须放在put和on 之间。如:
  Put on your coat./ Put your coat on.
  穿上外衣。
  但只能说:
  Put it on.
  把它穿上。

  语法 Grammar in use
  定语从句
  定语从句像形容词一样起修饰作用,但位于所修饰的名词之后。定语从句由关系代词引导,紧跟在它所修饰的成分后面。关系代词 who,whom与 that修饰人,which与 that修饰东西。关系代词指代从句的主语或宾语,同时又充当连接词,把从句和主句连接起来。请看例句:
  (1)关系代词作从句的主语(who/which/that):
  The dog which/that is carrying the basket is mine.
  叼着篮子的那只狗是我的。
  He's the porter who/that carried my suitcase.
  他就是那个扛着我的衣箱的搬运工。
  (2)关系代词作从句的宾语(whom/that/which):
  They're the windows which/that the children broke yesterday.
  这些就是孩子们昨天打碎的窗户。
  She's the lady whom I served yesterday.
  她就是我昨天服务过的那位女士。

  词汇学习  Word study
  1.recognize  v.
  (1)认出;认识:
  I recognize him now.
  我现在认出他来了。
  Can you recognize this tune?
  你能听出这支曲调吗?
  (2)承认;确认:
  I recognize that he is more capable than I am.
  我承认他比我更有能力。
  They recognized Richard as his lawful heir.
  他们确认理查德为他的合法继承人。
  Are British medical qualifications recognized in other European countries?
  英国的医生执照在欧洲其他国家能否得到承认?

  2.serve  v.
  (1)服务;接待;侍候:
  Are you being served, sir?
  先生,有人为您服务吗?
  A young waiter served them.
  一位年轻的侍者侍候他们进餐。
  (2)供应;摆出(食物或饮料等):
  What time is breakfast served in this hotel?
  这个饭店里什么时候供应早餐?
  Serve it to the ladies first.
  把它先端给女士们。
  (3)为……服务/服役;任职:
  The old cook has served the family for 30 years.
  这位老厨师已为这家干了30年了。
  He  began to serve in the Navy in 1960.
  他从1960年起开始在海军服役。
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发表于 2017-4-3 21:58:25 |显示全部楼层
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